Sexual identity is how one thinks of oneself in terms of to whom one is romantically or sexually attracted. Historical models of sexual identity have tended to view its formation as a process undergone only by sexual minorities , while more contemporary models view the process as far more universal and attempt to present sexual identity within the larger scope of other major identity theories and processes. Sexual identity has been described as a component of an individual's identity that reflects their sexual self-concept. The integration of the respective identity components e. Sexual identity can change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation. Sexual identity is more closely related to sexual behavior than sexual orientation is.
Sexual Orientation and Gender
How is sexual orientation different from gender identity? | GLAAD
One's innermost concept of self as male, female, a blend of both or neither — how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves. One's gender identity can be the same or different from their sex assigned at birth. External appearance of one's gender identity, usually expressed through behavior, clothing, haircut or voice, and which may or may not conform to socially defined behaviors and characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation.
Gender is social and cultural. For most people, their gender matches up with the cultural expectations of the sex they were assigned at birth. Others may self-identify as being transgender, agender, Two-Spirit, gender queer, non-binary, gender fluid or any number of terms explained below. Gender identity may be the same as the sex you were assigned at birth cisgender or not transgender.
Perhaps you can relate to situations like these:. One of my students wants to be referred to as a boy. My 7-year-old is tired of students constantly questioning why he plays with dolls. At the heart of these scenarios lies confusion about the nature of gender, sex and sexual orientation.