Background Acute bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which results from bacterially mediated recruitment and activation of inflammatory cells in the cerebrospinal fluid CSF. Bacterial meningitis was an almost invariably fatal disease at the start of the 20th century. With the development of and advancements in antimicrobial therapy, however, there has been a significant reduction in the mortality rate, although this has remained stable during the past 20 years 1. In adults, the most commonly identified organisms are S. Bacterial meningitis is a serious illness that often progresses rapidly. The classic clinical presentation consists of fever, nuchal rigidity, and mental status change 3.
What Do You Want to Know About Meningitis?
Meningitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Meningitis is an inflammation of the fluid and membranes meninges surrounding your brain and spinal cord. The swelling from meningitis typically triggers signs and symptoms such as headache, fever and a stiff neck. Most cases of meningitis in the United States are caused by a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic and fungal infections are other causes. Some cases of meningitis improve without treatment in a few weeks.
All about bacterial meningitis
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected. The most common causes of meningitis are viral and bacterial infections.
Bacterial meningitis is the most serious type of meningitis. It can lead to death or permanent disability. It is a medical emergency. Meningitis affects the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord and protect the central nervous system CNS , together with the cerebrospinal fluid. In , the mortality rate for bacterial meningitis was 34 percent , and 50 percent of patients experienced long-term effects after recovery.